* Student publications from Dr. Basak’s lab, with Dr. Basak as the corresponding author.


*Smith, E.T., Bartlett, J.C., Krawczyk, D. C., & Basak, C. (2021). Are the Advantages of Chess Expertise on Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Capacity Domain Specific or Domain General? Memory & Cognition. DOI:

*Qin, S., & Basak, C. (2021). Comparing the effects of two cardiovascular health factors on working memory capacity in healthy aging: separate and combined effects of arterial elasticity and physical fitness. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbab071. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33914083.

*Smith, E. T., Bhaskar, B., Hinerman, A., & Basak, C. (2021). Corrigendum: Past Gaming Experience and Cognition as Selective Predictors of Novel Game Learning Across Different Gaming Genres. Frontiers in psychology, 12>/em>, 687696.


*Qin, S., & Basak, C. (2020b). Influence of multiple cardiovascular risk factors on task-switching in older adults: An fMRI study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 14, 561877.

Berglund-Barraza, A., Tian, F., Basak, C., Hart, J., & Evans, J.L. (2020). Tracking changes in frontal lobe hemodynamic response in individual adults with Developmental Language Disorder following HD tDCS enhanced phonological working memory training: An fNIRS feasibility study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 14, 362.

*Smith, E. T., Bhaskar, B., Hinerman, A., & Basak, C. (2020). Past gaming experience and cognition as selective predictors of novel game learning across different gaming genres. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 786.

Basak, C., Qin, S., O’Connell, M.A. (2020). Differential effects of cognitive training modules on healthy aging and mild cognitive impairment: a comprehensive meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Psychology and Aging, 35(2), 220-249.

* Qin, S. & Basak, C. (2020). Age-related differences in brain activations during working memory updating: an fMRI study. Neuropsychologia, 138, 107335.


Berglund-Barraza, A., Tian, F., Basak, C., & Evans, J. (2019). Word frequency is associated with cognitive effort during verbal working memory: a functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 13, 433-448. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2019.00433


Basak, C., Qin, S., Nashiro, K., & O’Connell, M.A. (2018). Functional magnetic neuroimaging data on age-related differences in task switching accuracy and reverse brain-behavior relationships. Data in Brief, 19, 997-1007.

*O’Connell, M.A., & Basak, C. (2018). Effects of task complexity and age-differences on task-related functional connectivity of attentional networks. Neuropsychologia, 114, 50-64.

Basak, C. & Qin, S. (2018). Virtual cognitive training in healthy aging and mild cognitive impairment. In R. In Pak & A.C. Mclaughlin (Eds.). Aging, Technology, And Health. New York: Elsevier. 215-235.

*Nashiro, K., Qin, S., O’Connell, M.A., & Basak, C. (2018). Age-related Differences in BOLD Modulation to Cognitive Control Costs in a Multitasking Paradigm: Global Switch, Local Switch, and Compatibility-Switch Costs. Neuroimage, 172, 146-161.


*Ray, N.R.R., O’Connell, M.A., Nashiro, K., Smith, E.T., Qin, S., & Basak, C. (2017). Evaluating the relationship between white matter integrity, cognition and varieties of video game learning. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience, 35(5), 437-456.


*Qin, S., Ray, N. R., Ramakrishnan, N., Nashiro, K., O’Connell, M. A. & Basak, C. (2016). Illusory conjunctions in visual short-term memory: Individual differences in corpus callosum connectivity and splitting attention between the two hemifields. Psychophysiology, 53, 1639–1650. doi:10.1111/psyp.12735

Band, G. P. H., Basak, C., Slagter, H. A., & Voss, M. W. (2016). Editorial: Effects of Game and Game-Like Training on Neurocognitive Plasticity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 10, 123.

Basak, C. & O’Connell, M.A. (2016). To Switch or not to switch: Role of cognitive control in working memory training in older adults. Special issue on The Temporal Dynamics of Cognitive Processing, Frontiers in Psychology, 7 (230), 1-18. 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00230


Wong, C., N., Chaddock-Heyman, L., Voss, M.W., Burzynska, A.Z., Basak, C., Erickson, K.I., Prakash, R.S., Szabo-Reed, A., Philliips, A., Wojcicki, T., Mailey, E.L., McAuley, E., Kramer, A. (2015) Brain activation during dual-task processing is associated with cardiorespiratory fitness and performance in older adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 7, 154. 10.3389/fnagi.2015.00154

Lee, H., Boot, W.R., Baniqued, P., Voss, M.W., Prakash, R.P., Basak, C., & Kramer, A.F. (2015). The relationship between intelligence and training gains is moderated by training strategy. PLOS ONE, 10(4), 1-9. 10.1371/journal.pone.0123259


Basak, C., & Zelinski, E. (2013). A hierarchical model of working memory and its change in healthy older adults. In T.P. Alloway & R.G. Alloway (Eds.). Working memory: The connected intelligence. New York, London: Psychology Press. 83-106.

Baniqued, P.L., Lee, H., Voss, M.W., Basak, C., Cosman, J., DeSouza, S., Severson, J., Salthouse, T., & Kramer, A.F. (2013). Selling points: What cognitive abilities are tapped by casual video games? Acta Psychologica, 142(1), 74-86. 10.1016/j.actpsy.2012.11.009


Mathewson, K.E., Basak, C., Maclin, E.L., Low KL, Boot, W.R., Kramer, A.F., Fabiani, M., & Gratton, G. (2012). Different slopes for different folks: Alpha and Delta EEG power predict subsequent video game learning rate and improvements in cognitive control tasks. Psychophysiology, 49(12), 1558-1570. 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01474.x

Verstynen, T., Lynch, B., Miller, M., Voss, M., Prakash, R., Chaddock, L., Basak, C., Szabo, A., Olson, E., Wojcicki, T., Fanning, J., Gothe, N., McAuley, E., Kramer, A., & Erickson, K. (2012). Caudate nucleus volume mediates the link between cardiorespiratory fitness and cognitive flexibility in older adults. Journal of Aging Research. Article ID 939285. doi:10.1155/2012/939285

Lee, H., Voss, M., Prakash, R.S., Boot, W.R., Vo, L., Basak, C., VanPatter, M., Gratton, G., Fabiani, M., & Kramer, A.F. (2012). Videogame training strategy-induced change in brain function during a complex visoumotor task. Behavioral Brain Research, 232(2), 348-357. 10.1016/j.bbr.2012.03.043

Prakash, R.S., Leon, A., Mourany, L., Lee, H., Voss, M., Boot, W.R., Basak, C., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., & Kramer, A.F. (2012). Examining neural correlates of skill acquisition in a complex videogame training program. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 115. 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00115

Lee, H., Boot, W.R., Basak, C., Voss, M.W., Prakash, R.P., Neider, M., Erickson, K.I., Simons, D.J., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., Low, K.A., & Kramer, A.F. (2012). Performance gains from directed training do not transfer to untrained tasks. Acta Psychologica, 139(1), 146-158. 10.1016/j.actpsy.2011.11.003

Voss, M.W., Prakash, R.P., Erickson, K.I., Boot, W.R., Basak, C., Neider, M., Simons, D., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., & Kramer, A.F. (2012). Effects of training strategies implemented in a complex videogame on functional connectivity of attentional networks. Neuroimage, 59(1), 138-148. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.03.052


Basak, C., & Verhaeghen, P. (2011). Aging and switching the focus of attention in working memory: age differences in item availability but not in item accessibility. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 66(5), 519-526. 10.1093/geronb/gbr028

Basak, C., Voss, M.W., Erickson, K.I., Boot, W.R., & Kramer, A.F. (2011). Regional differences in brain volume predict the acquisition of skill in a complex real-time strategy video game. Brain and Cognition, 76(3), 407-414. 10.1016/j.bandc.2011.03.017

Scalf, P., Basak, C., & Beck, D. (2011). Attention does more than modulate suppressive interactions: Attending to multiple items. Experimental Brain Research, 212(2), 293-304. 10.1007/s00221-011-2730-z

Erickson, K., Voss, M., Prakash, R., Basak, C., Szabo, A., Chaddock, L., White, S., Wojcicki, T., Mailey, E., McAuley, E., & Kramer, A. F. (2011). Reply to Coen et al.: Exercise, hippocampal volume, and memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(18), E90-E90. 10.1073/pnas.1103059108

Erickson, K.I., Voss, M.W., Prakash, R.S., Basak, C., Szabo, A., Chaddock, L., et al. (2011). Exercise training increases size of hippocampus and improves memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(7), 3017-3022. 10.1073/pnas.1015950108

Basak, C., & Verhaeghen, P. (2011). Three Layers of Working Memory: Focus-Switch Costs and Retrieval Dynamics as Revealed by the N-Count Task. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 23(2), 204-219. 10.1080/20445911.2011.481621

Stine-Morrow, E.A.L., & Basak, C. (2011). Cognitive Interventions. In K.W. Schaie & S.L. Willis (Eds.). Handbook of the Psychology of Aging (Seventh Edition). New York: Elsevier. 153-171.


Erickson, K.I., Boot, W.R., Basak, C., Neider, M., Prakash, R.S., Voss, M.W., Graybiel, A.M., Simons, D.J., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., Kramer, A.F., & Greybeil A. (2010). Is bigger better? Striatum volume predicts the level of video game skill acquisition. Cerebral Cortex, 20(11), 2522-30. 10.1093/cercor/bhp293

Boot, W.R., Basak, C., Erickson, K.I., Neider, M., Simons, D.J., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., Voss, M.W., Prakash, R., Lee, H., & Kramer, A.F. (2010). Strategy, Individual Differences, and Transfer of Training in the Acquisition of Skilled Space Fortress Performance. Acta Psychologica, 135, 349-357. 10.1016/j.actpsy.2010.09.005

Basak, C. (2010). Can older adults enhance their cognitive skills with video game interventions? CyberTherapy and Rehabilitation, 3(2), 33.

Voss, M.W., Prakash, R.S., Erickson, K.I., Basak, C., Chaddock, L., Kim, J.S., et al. (2010). Plasticity of brain networks in a randomized intervention trial of exercise training in older adults. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 2, 12.

Voss, M.W., Kramer, A.F., Basak, C., Prakash, R.S., & Roberts, B. (2010). Are expert athletes “expert” in cognitive laboratory? A meta-analytic review of basic attention and perception and sport expertise. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24, 812-826. 10.1002/acp.1588


Basak, C., Boot, W.R., Voss, M.W., & Kramer, A.F. (2008). Can training in a real-time strategy videogame attenuate cognitive decline in older adults? Psychology and Aging, 23, 765-777. 10.1037/a0013494

Vaughan, L., Basak, C., Hartman, M., & Verhaeghen, P. (2008). Aging and working memory inside and outside the focus of attention: Dissociations of availability and accessibility. Aging, Neuropsychology & Cognition, 15(3), 1-22. 10.1080/13825580802061645


Verhaeghen, P., Cerella, J., Basak C., Bopp, K.L., Zhang, Y., & Hoyer, W.J. (2007). The ins and outs of working memory: Dynamic processes associated with focus switching and search. In Osaka, N., Logie, R. & D’Esposito, M. (eds.). Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. 81-97.


Verhaeghen, P., Cerella, J., & Basak C. (2006). Aging, task complexity, and efficiency modes: The influence of working memory involvement on age differences in response times for verbal and visuospatial tasks. Aging, Neuropsychology & Cognition, 13, 254-280. 10.1080/138255890969267


Verhaeghen, P., & Basak, C. (2005). Aging and Switching of the Focus of Attention in Working Memory: Results from a Modified N-Back Task. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology A, 58(1), 134-154. 10.1080/02724980443000241

Verhaeghen, P., Cerella, J., Bopp, K.L., & Basak, C. (2005). Aging and varieties of cognitive control: A review of meta-analyses on resistance to interference, coordination and task switching, and an experimental exploration of age-sensitivity in the newly identified process of focus switching. In R. W. Engle, G. Sedek, U. von Hecker, & D. N. McIntosh (Eds.). Cognitive Limitations in Aging and Psychopathology: Attention, Working Memory, and Executive Functions. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. 160-179.


Verhaeghen, P., Cerella, J., & Basak, C. (2004). A Working-Memory Workout: How to expand the focus of serial attention from one to four items, in ten hours or less. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 30(6), 1322-1337. 10.1037/0278-7393.30.6.1322


Basak, C., & Verhaeghen, P. (2003). Subitizing speed, subitizing range, counting speed, the Stroop effect, and aging: Capacity differences, speed equivalence. Psychology and Aging, 18, 240-249. 10.1037/0882-7974.18.2.240

Selected Oral Presentations to Professional Meetings


Basak, C., Qin, S., O’Conell, M.A. (Symposium, Cognitive Aging Conference, Atlanta, G.A, May, 2018). Comparing cognitive benefits from single-component and multi-component cognitive training modules: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in healthy aging and mild cognitive impairments.


Basak, C., Qin, S. & O’Connell, M.A. (Annual meeting for Psychonomics Society, Vancouver, Canada, Nov, 2017). Differential effects of cognitive training modules on healthy aging and mild cognitive impairment: A comprehensive meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Qin, S., Nashiro, K., O’Connell, M.A., & Basak, C. (Nanosymposium, Society for Neuroscience, Washington D.C, Nov 2017). Age-related differences in brain activation during continuous memory updating.

O’Connell, M.A. & Basak, C. (Nanosymposium, Society for Neuroscience, Washington D.C., Nov. 2017). Effects of task complexity and age on functional connectivity of attentional networks.

Basak, C. (Symposium, 21st IAGG World Congress of Gerontology and Geriatrics, San Francisco, CA, July, 2017). Playing for Keeps: Effects of video game training on neural and cognitive plasticity in older adults.


Basak, C., O’Connell, Nashiro, K., Qin, S. & Smith, E. (Annual meeting for Psychonomics Society, Boston, MA, Nov, 2016). What’s your game? Game playing strategy interacts with video game learning and cognitive gains in older adults.


Basak, C., Nashiro, K., O’Connell, M.A., Chen, X., & Qin, S. (Annual meeting for Psychonomics Society, Chicago, IL, Nov, 2015). RTS video game training in older adults: Immediate and long-term cognitive gains, and individual differences in gaming.

Qin, S., Nashiro, K., O’Connell, M.A., Chen, X., & Basak, C. (Nanosymposium, Society for Neuroscience, Chicago, IL, Oct 2015). Age-related differences in task load, response compatibility, and selective attention in task switching: An fMRI study.

Basak, C., O’Connell, M.A., Qin, S., Nashiro, K., Chen, X., & Druskis, M. (Armadillo Conference, Waco, TX, Oct, 2015). Determining the cognitive and neural mechanisms of varieties of videogame learning.

Basak, C., O’Connell, M.A., Qin, S., Nashiro, K., Chen, X., & Druskis, M. (Game Symposium, APA, Toronto, July 2015). Cognitive and neural plasticity from videogame training.

Basak, C. (Symposium, ICPS, Psychological Science, Amsterdam, Mar 2015). Playing for keeps: Effects of Real-time strategy game training on cognition and neural activity.

Basak, C. (Presentation at Dallas ACC, Jan 2015). Playing for keeps: The aging brain on video games.


O’Connell, M. A., & Basak, C. (Armadillo Conference, Norman, OK., Oct., 2014). Testing a hierarchical model of working memory: Age and long-term memory’s influence on verbal recognition memory.


Basak, C. (Presented at the 2013 Annual Meeting of Psychonomic Society, Session: Working Memory I, Nov 2013, Toronto, Canada). A New Model of Working Memory: Investigating the Best Strategies to Enhance Attentional Focus and Untrained Cognitive Skills.

Basak, C., Boot, W.R., & Kramer, A.F. (Symposium: Engaged Aging through Technology, 121st Annual Convention of American Psychological Association: Division 21, Honolulu, HI, Jul, 2013). The best ways to boost cognition: Separate and combined effects of video game training and physical fitness training.

Basak, C. (Symposium: Cognitive Reserve in Aging: Can Leisure Activities Increase Neuroplasticity? 25th APS Annual Convention, Washington, DC, May, 2013). Video game training: Strategy induced changes in cognitive abilities and brain function.


Basak, C., Kim, J.S., Voss, M.W., Prakash, R., Erickson, K.I., Szabo, A., McAuley, E., & Kramer, A.F. (Plenary Session 7: Health and Cognition, Cognitive Aging Conference, 2012, Atlanta, USA). Determining a causal relationship between fitness and cognition in late adulthood.


Basak, C., Kim, J., Erickson, K., Voss, M., Szabo, A., McAuley, E., & Kramer, A.F. (Paper: Cognition: Lifestyle and Other Interventions, 64th Annual Scientific Meeting, Gerontological Society of America, 2011, Boston, MA). Cardiorespiratory fitness predicts cognitive abilities in late adulthood.

2010 and Before

Basak C. (Armadillo XX, 2010, College Station, TX). Multiple indices of working memory.

Basak C., Voss M.W., Boot W.R., Erikson K.I., Kramer A.F. (Plenary Session 6: Training, 20th Cognitive Aging Conference- Down Under, 2007, Adelaide, Australia). Can older adults benefit from videogame training? Relationship among cognition, game performance and brain structure.

Basak C., Kramer A., Verhaeghen P. (Plenary Session 8: Dual tasks and Attention; Cognitive Aging Conference, 2006, Atlanta). Aging, focus-switching and working memory span: Exploring the role of pointer predictability.

Verhaeghen P., Basak C. (Plenary Session 7: Cognitive Control: Cognitive Aging Conference, 2004, Atlanta). Aging and control over the switching of the focus of attention: Evidence for a new age-sensitive process.

Basak C., Verhaeghen P. (CSAIL, 2005, Hood River, OR). Circles of working memory: Exploring the capacity of the focus of attention and the retrieval dynamics of focus-switching.

Verhaeghen P., Cerella J., Basak C. (Presented by Basak, C. at the 2003 Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Vancouver, Canada). Extensive training in N-Back task expands the size of focus of attention from 1 to 4.

Basak C. (Presentation at 2003 Annual E.F. Gardner Conference on Measurement and Evaluation). Time-series analysis of response time measures applied to practice effects on an N-Back task.

Basak C., Verhaeghen P. (Presentation at 2002 Annual E.F. Gardner Conference on Measurement and Evaluation). Subitizing and counting processes, aging, and Stroop effect: Capacity differences, speed equivalence.

Dutta A., Basak C., Mukhopadhyay P., Das S.K., Ganguli P.K., Roy T., Maity B. (Presentation at IANCON ’99, Calcutta, India). Neural network of cognitive functions: An imaging and psychometric correlation.